'Ragged Schools' were set up to provide free basic education for orphans and very poor children.In 1870, Parliament passed the Forster's Education Act, requiring all parts of Britain to provide schools to children aged 5 to 12.Not everyone who ran the schools were able to read themselves so the standard of education was not very good.
School logbook (Stretton Handley Primary) Who went to school during the Victorian times?
, the government awarded grants of money to schools.
This is a stimulating book." --Literature & History"Catherine J.
Golden has written a highly readable cultural history of the Penny Post in Posting It: The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing.
They were the first people to ask whether it was right to allow children to work. There they learnt bible stories and were taught to read a little. The Victorians soon realised that it was important for people to be able to read and write and education became more important.
Sources For Research Paper - Victorian Writing Paper
They introduced laws saying what you could and could not expect children to do. The Church of England became active in the field and erected 'National Schools' which taught children reading, writing, arithmetic and religion.Anyone interested in the complex relationship between material and cultural change will find this book illuminating."--Martha Vicinus, University of Michigan "Just as the Penny Post revolutionized communications, Catherine Golden’s meticulous and imaginative analysis of its cultural effects transforms our reading experience of Victorian fiction.From the blackmail plot to the writing desk, the paraphernalia of the Victorian novel takes on new meaning and contemporary parallels."--Elaine Showalter, Princeton University"Provides an engaging and comprehensive account of the context and spirit of Victorian postal reform and the resulting rise in affective correspondence that continues to this day."--Eileen Cleere, Southwestern University"Combines historical perspective, social context, and literary criticism.As Golden eloquently documents, family and friends could, at last, easily keep in touch with distant relatives, but cheap postage also provided new opportunities for blackmailers and con artists.In her richly textured study, we learn not only about the pervasive use of letters as a literary device in fiction, but also the immense increase in paraphernalia related to the writing and sending of a letter or that new invention, the postcard.Indeed, the revolution in letter writing of the nineteenth century led to blackmail, frauds, unsolicited mass mailings, and junk mail--problems that remain with us today. Golden is professor of English at Skidmore College."An excellent text, a core addition to community and college library history collections." --The Midwest Book Review" Catherine Golden offers more than a history of nineteenth-century postal reform." "Golden provides a wealth of information about the material culture of the post and about the communications revolution that postal reform initiated.Golden explains the impact of the Penny Post on the nineteenth century and draws parallels to the communications revolution of today."--Richard Fantina, Vermont State Colleges Although "snail mail" may seem old fashioned and outdated in the twenty-first century, Catherine Golden argues that the creation of the Penny Post in Victorian England was just as revolutionary in its time as e-mail and text messages are today.Until Queen Victoria instituted the Postal Reform Act of 1839, mail was a luxury affordable only by the rich.Throughout Golden's careful reading s of the many novels and paintings that reference the post and postal products emphasize the parallels between how Vicotirans experienced technological and communications innovations and how twenty-first-century consumers have experienced a wide variety of technological innovations." --English Literature in Transition, vol.54 issue 2"Good read overall, is a fine hybrid of political, cultural (especially literary), social economic, and technological history and will be informative to some readers while reminding the rest of us about how revolutionary cheap postage." --Journalism History 36:2"An intimate study of a subject which, as the author recognises, had extraordinarily wide ramifications in time and place.