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Growing and developing in a society where income is correlated with access to education and opportunities, Latino students in the United States are showing far different educational outcomes than their white peers and are facing inequitable opportunities that lead to inequitable lifelong outcomes.This gap has been a long-standing source of concern as differences in test scores—particularly in math, reading, and graduation rates—are found at state and national levels.Additionally, Latino students make up a large share of English language learners. As noted, we use the term achievement gap to describe outcomes, specifically differences in scores on state and national achievement tests between various student demographic groups.
These living conditions are commonly characterized by larger household sizes, smaller residential units, and more crowded housing when compared to non-Latino children. Department of Education in 2009, 37 percent of Latino students in grade four and 21 percent of students in grade eight were English language learners, one of the many factors influencing the achievement gap between young Latino and white students.
The achievement gap is not a one-time event but an ongoing trend that shows poor performance of specific groups of students.
For example, in 2015 eighth grade Latino students in U. public schools ranked 23 points below white students in mathematics test scores.
Another factor that hurts Latino students’ school performance is a lack of access to pre-school.
Research has shown that education in early years promotes school readiness and educational success in elementary school and beyond.