MLA style allows you to list unpublished material even if it’s not housed publicly; add “Author’s private collection” at the end of your listing. Include a title, if any, or a short descriptive word to identify the format.Tags: Writing Response PapersTravel Agency Business Plan TemplateCover Letter For Student Affairs PositionCreative Essay Titles GeneratorPoverty And Crime Research PaperChild Daycare Business PlanHomosexuality Nature Or Nurture EssayHero Essay Yahoo AnswersSolve Optimization Problems
.] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Conventions for citing film and video productions are less fixed than those for print and even many online sources. #.] [artist,] [“title.”] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Conventions for citing music and sound recordings are less fixed than those for print and even many online sources.
This ambiguity is caused in part by the group nature of such productions: even if you identify a writer, producer, or director, a performance almost never has the single authorship of a written text or single image. Moore (Producer), .] [location of original distributor: original distributor.] Chicago: 29. #.] [artist or writer last name,] [“shortened title.”] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Conventions for citing television and radio productions are less fixed than those for print and even many online sources. [writer, by last name, initial.] [(copyright year).] [title of song [Recorded by artist if different from writer].] [On title of album [medium].] [city of production, country: production company.] Note: APA style lists the city and state (using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods) for U. production companies and the city and full country name for production companies outside the United States. This ambiguity is caused in part by the group nature of such productions: even if you identify a writer, producer, or director, a performance seldom has the single authorship of a written text or image.
For films accessed on the internet, MLA style includes the sponsoring site, the word “Web,” and date of access (e.g. If you focus primarily on one person’s work in the film, you may decide to list by that person’s name, followed by an abbreviation of their role. A solid basic format includes title, writer’s name, director’s name, and perhaps the name of one or two lead performers. But because academic essays may focus on different aspects of a radio or television production, citation conventions can vary. Also include the production company and release date.
Then list the title and the rest of the information described above. For programs accessed on the internet, MLA style ends the citation with the sponsoring site, the word “Web,” and date of access (e.g. This is especially true of MLA style, which will be more common in courses where you analyze these programs. But because academic essays may focus on very different aspects of a music or sound recording, citation conventions can vary.
This may include a name for the microfilm service, volume number, year, and any letters or numbers identifying the specific film roll or fiche number.
] [[media].] [city, state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods: publisher.] Chicago: 27. #.] [author last name,] [”title.”] [Shortened Chicago reference; see More Notes on Chicago Style for more information.] Citing CD-ROMs is probably most similar to citing an article in a book.
The following other sections of this guide may be helpful in thinking about how to employ ideas that arise in conversation: Why Cite? Popular Sources, and Sources that Other People Suggested.
If you quote or paraphrase what someone said during a meeting, class discussion, or private conversation, list the citation by the speaker’s name.
(See Email and Instant Messages for a similar example in Chicago style.) In APA convention, only sources that can be publicly accessed are listed in your References. If the event is part of a conference, course, or lecture series, you may add that after the performance title.
If you use materials in your private possession, APA style dictates that you refer to them this way in your paper and not list them at the end. Literature and Arts 4-41–Shakespeare, the Later Plays. Use this format when you quote or paraphrase part of your professor’s lectures in your paper. Nicole Wallack, Advisory Board Meeting, Institute for Writing and Thinking, New York City, June 7, 2006. #.] [author full name, discussion format,] [sponsoring context if any,] [location, date.] Note: Chicago style footnotes give full information for unpublished discussions, but does not list them in the Bibliography.