Introduction: The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the necessary background or context for your research problem.
How to frame the research problem is perhaps the biggest problem in proposal writing.
Some even argue that a good proposal should contain sufficient details for another qualified researcher to implement the study.
You need to demonstrate your knowledge of alternative methods and make the case that your approach is the most appropriate and most valid way to address your research question.
If the research problem is framed in the context of a general, rambling literature review, then the research question may appear trivial and uninteresting.
However, if the same question is placed in the context of a very focused and current research area, its significance will become evident.
Therefore, it pays if your writing is coherent, clear and compelling. An effective title not only pricks the reader's interest, but also predisposes him/her favourably towards the proposal.
This paper focuses on proposal writing rather than on the development of research ideas. Abstract: It is a brief summary of approximately 300 words.
The literature review serves several important functions: Your scholarship and research competence will be questioned if any of the above applies to your proposal.
There are different ways to organize your literature review.