The Buddha proposed the Four Noble Truths and the Eight fold path.
In Jainism we are advised to overcome the consequences of our actions by leading a pure life and performing austerities.
Similar approaches are suggested in Islam and Christianity also.
Samkhya and Yoga prescribe physical and mental exercises to control and restraint of the body, the mind and the senses to free oneself from the afflictions (klesas) of human life.
In Sikhism we are advised to live with a spirit of devotion and surrender to God and doing good deeds.