Nietzsche Third Essay Summary

–do note how reaction, here, may seem spontaneous or impulsive, and thus rather good in this model, but that this is not the case; for Nietzsche, reaction is a calculating response, even it if seems immediate (like distinction between the natural and phenomenological attitudes.

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Nietzsche understands the degeneration of humanity to be relative to the degradation of society, which is a result of the nihilistic (rationalized) structures of experience (reality).

He poses a sharp critique of modernity, of the over emphasis we place on rationality and scientific or mechanistic explanations.

It strives to see more, but beyond what it has already seen it sees nothing but darkness. See, Lord, the ears of my heart are in front of you. Let me die, lest I should die indeed; only let me see your face” (Augustine, “There are things …

Or rather, it does not see darkness, for ‘in you there is no darkness’ (1 John 1:5); it sees that it cannot see more because of its own darkness. ” (Anselm, “Oh, in the name of all your mercies, O Lord my God, tell me what you are to me! which are acknowledged to be inaccessible to human understanding ….

The most agreed upon characterization of God is that He is omnipotent (all-powerful), omniscient (all-knowing), and omnipresent (everywhere, always). However, God is also absolutely good (partially justified because evil is a lack, God’s perfection prohibits him lacking anything).

So, if he created everything, than he must have created evil—but if he is all-good, then he cannot have created evil.For Nietzsche, the Genealogy’s trajectory begins with the birth of morality through its development to its peak, and calls out for its downfall.1) What is the origin of the ethical categories “good,” “bad,” “evil?His sister is responsible for altering his writings so as to blend them with anti-Semitic and Nazi propaganda.Within Nietzsche’s The Genealogy of Morals, the meaning of the self, human nature, is relative; meaning is born in a social, atemporal historical setting—but the relativity does not prohibit us for tracing its history …The project of tracing the history of human nature is the project of tracing the development of morality via power-relations in the development of human societies.He had a brother who died when Nietzsche was six—so, he lived surrounded by women, with his mother, sister, grandmother, and two aunts.Nietzsche became a Professor of Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 (age 24) yet had to resign in 1879 for medical reasons.It is as if I had suddenly fallen into a deep whirlpool; I am so tossed about that I can neither touch bottom with my foot, nor swim up to the top” (Descartes, Meditations, II, 23-4).exploring the difficulty and despair of looking at ourselves, our actions, our motives.The difference between Reaction and Reflection is similar to this distinction between the aesthetic and dialectical, but, for , neither is good or bad—i.e., the aesthetic attempt to grasp the Abraham and Isaac story couldn’t raise it to the level of understanding, even though it could point to the extreme anxious conflict therein; the dialectical attempt to understand it failed, as well, for that which we sought to understand violates logic.short story, “The Room,” as demonstrated by Eve, her rejection of the “rational,” moral world outside and, yet, her difficult and incomplete reflecting on her current failings to purely connect with Pierre and his insanity.Or, in , this is much like the reflection Roquentin goes through, the extreme descent into what would only appear to us as insanity, the radical questioning of all presumptions and values—neither easy, nor painless—it may be far ‘better’ in some estimates to be able to not reflect too hard.“O Lord my God, you who have fashioned and refashioned me, tell my longing soul what you are besides what it has seen, that it might see purely what it longs to see.


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