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The literature review found at the beginning of a journal article is used to introduce research related to the specific study and is found in the Introduction section, usually near the end.It is shorter than a stand-alone review because it must limit its scope to very specific studies and theories that are directly relevant to this study.Step 2: Research and collect all of the scholarly information on the topic that might be pertinent to your study.
It is not usually a linear process—authors often to go back and check the literature while reformulating their ideas.
This also means you will not be writing the literature review at any one time, but constantly working on it before, during, and after your study is complete.
Rather, you can take the pieces that other researchers have “cut” and put them together to build a framework on which to hang your own “books”—that is, your own study methods, results, and conclusions.
The contents of a literature review are determined by many factors, including its precise purpose in the document, the degree of consensus with a given theory or tension between competing theories, the length of the article, the amount of previous studies existing in the given field, etc.
These literature reviews are generally a bit broader in scope and can extend further back in time.
This means that sometimes a scientific literature review can be highly theoretical, in addition to focusing on specific methods and outcomes of previous studies.They can range from the selective (a very narrow area of research or only a single work) to the comprehensive (a larger amount or range of works).They can also exist as part of a larger work or stand on their own.The literature review published as its own article presents and analyzes as many of the important texts in an area of study as possible to provide background information and context for a current area of research or a study.Stand-alone reviews are an excellent resource for researchers when they are first searching for the most relevant information on an area of study.Its purpose is to set research precedence and provide support for the study’s theory, methods, results, and/or conclusions.Not all research articles contain an explicit review of the literature, but many do, whether it is a discrete section or indistinguishable from the rest of the Introduction.A literature review is an objective, concise, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic being researched in an article.It does NOT reference and list all of the material you have cited in your paper.At the end of the review is a conclusion that once again explicitly ties all of these works together to show how this analysis is itself a contribution to the literature.So how do authors turn a network of articles into a coherent review of relevant literature?