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There are also ethical considerations related to peer review on the parts of both the authors and the editors: With recent developments in publishing, the review process is evolving; how might this affect the ethics of peer review?Many open access megajournals, such as PLOS ONE and Peer J, are asking reviewers to focus on assessing the quality of the science instead of its potential impact.For the most part, the paper will be written like any other essay or research paper, but there are some key differences.
Arguing this position will also involve presenting counterarguments and then refuting them.
Finally, ensuring that your reasoning is valid and sound and citing the appropriate sources will allow you to write an ethics paper that will satisfy any critic.
A better-controlled study is therefore needed to confirm the ethical implications of open access publishing and new iterations of the review process.
Have questions about how to behave ethically as a peer reviewer? We can draw on our extensive experience as authors and reviewers.
Too many scientific reputations have been damaged by charges of unethical behavior.
Although we all think of ourselves as applying the highest standards of ethics, avoiding ethical issues is not as easy as you might think. Read the guidelines of each journal for its specific policy, and report anything that might apply.Confidentiality is critical to prevent the theft of ideas, which could compromise the originality of a new study.To this end, peer reviewers should adhere to the following guidelines: Regarding the last guideline, some have noted that recommended additions should be directly pertinent, as well as feasible in terms of both cost and time required.The journals mentioned above, among others, encourage referees to reveal their identities after manuscript publication and may even publish reviews, potentially further enhancing peer reviewers’ objectivity and diligence by holding them publicly accountable for their critiques.Although a recent sting published in Science suggested that open access journals frequently lack rigorous review, the study included many negative controls, in the form of predatory journals that neglect the ethics described above, but lacked a control group of traditional journals.She has worked as a Social Studies Teacher, Curriculum Coordinator, and an SAT Prep Teacher.She received her MA in Education from the Stanford Graduate School of Education in 2014.Scholarly journals have traditionally used peer review to assess the scientific validity, novelty, and significance of submitted manuscripts.As a result, reviewers have considerable influence over what findings are published, effectively serving as filters of new research.Moreover, the analysis examined all studied journals together, rather than stratifying the publications by different peer review guidelines (such as a primary focus on validity versus a traditional approach) and models (such as blinded versus open review).In fact, PLOS ONE, which is well respected among open access journals and has a clearly defined review model, was shown to have particularly thorough peer review.