Essay On Industrialization In Assam

Essay On Industrialization In Assam-79
Two considerations seem to have gone into her decision: her need for an electoral victory due to the reverses her party had suffered in recent state elections, and her intention to negotiate with a new set of elected leaders who would possibly be more pliable than students on the issue of "aliens." Large-scale violence and destruction of lives, property, bridges, and various other resources resulted.In addition to the predictable attacks on Bengalis in the towns, there were massacres in which first pro-election Boro tribals attacked Assamese villages at Gohpur and later, in the worst massacre witnessed in independent India, another tribe, the anti-poll Lalung, reportedly with Assamese support, killed scores of Bengali Muslims in Nellie.They originated predominantly in East Bengal, a highly populated area with low agricultural productivity and a fragmented landholding pattern incapable of supporting large families.

Two considerations seem to have gone into her decision: her need for an electoral victory due to the reverses her party had suffered in recent state elections, and her intention to negotiate with a new set of elected leaders who would possibly be more pliable than students on the issue of "aliens." Large-scale violence and destruction of lives, property, bridges, and various other resources resulted.In addition to the predictable attacks on Bengalis in the towns, there were massacres in which first pro-election Boro tribals attacked Assamese villages at Gohpur and later, in the worst massacre witnessed in independent India, another tribe, the anti-poll Lalung, reportedly with Assamese support, killed scores of Bengali Muslims in Nellie.They originated predominantly in East Bengal, a highly populated area with low agricultural productivity and a fragmented landholding pattern incapable of supporting large families.

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They held urban professions, their language was more developed and widely used in Assam, and their educational and even numerical superiority became more than evident.

With the halting spread of education in the twentieth century, the Assamese middle class slowly emerged, and with the growth of the Assamese middle class, the seeds of what has been called "little nationalism" were sown in Assam.

Three ethnic or religious conflicts have stood out of late: two occurred in the states of "Assam and Punjab; another, the more widely known Hindu-Muslim conflict, continues to persist.

The Assam problem is primarily ethnic, the Punjab problem is based on both religious and regional conflicts, while the Hindu-Muslim problem is predominantly religious.

Gandhi, and the party in turn patronized them, so much so that local politicians of the Congress Party seem to have put aliens on the electoral rolls irrespective of whether or not they had Indian citizenship.

It is in this atmosphere that the elections were called. Gandhi has been heavily criticized in India for her decision to call the elections.India is characterized by more ethnic and religious groups than most other countries of the world.Aside from the much noted 2000-odd castes, there are eight "major" religions, 15-odd languages spoken in various dialects in 22 states and nine union territories, and a substantial number of tribes and sects.On the other hand, the "post-1947 place of origin" of migrants from Bangladesh, largely Muslim, makes them "aliens" and their migration, for political purposes, can be called "illegal." The students thus found a ground for demanding their expulsion.Additionally, these Muslim migrants provided unstinted support to the Congress Party, now represented by Mrs.On the other hand, the various tribes on the lower ranges were less developed than both of these contending communities.Depending on the preponderance of one or the other in their local context, they felt pressured, even exploited, culturally, economically and politically by both groups.Despite the existence of an international border, the migration from East Pakistan continued alongside migration from West Bengal.There is considerable dispute over the actual magnitude, but the most comprehensive estimate shows that between 19 the proportion of Assamese declined for the first time and that of Bengali speakers increased; between 19 itself, as many as 1.2 million migrants were added to a population of 14.6 million in 1971.ETHNIC CONFLICT IN ASSAM Of the three conflicts mentioned, Assam has attracted the largest attention of late.Not since the 1947 partition of India have so many people been killed and uprooted as a result of ethnic or communal violence.

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