Essay Heart Failure

Essay Heart Failure-11
Heart Failure (HF) or Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is one of the striking chronic condition resulted from the worsening of hypertension and coronary heart diseases prevalence, specially in developing countries, as in Arab Gulf States.HF is characterized by the inability of the heart muscle to pump the blood effectively (Alqahtani et al., 2012).

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Symptoms of anxiety and depression were associated with being diagnosed with HF (Heo et al., 2008).

Moser and Worster (2000) defined quality of life as a "multidimensional concept referring to a person’s total well-being including his or her functional capacity, psychological status, social functioning, physical health and health perceptions".

It encompasses all aspects of health that are of interest to nursing, including promotion of health, prevention of illness, care of people of all ages during illness and recovery or towards a peaceful and dignified death1.

Nursing research applies the scientific approach in an effort to gain knowledge, answer questions, or solve problems" The International Council of Nurses (ICN) prioritized the nursing research into two main categories, the health and illness and the delivery of care of services.

Thus, statistically the number of men admitted with hypertensive diseases and pulmonary edema are more than female in the age category of 45-64 years, the age which is considered the older adulthood to average retirement age according to United Nation standard international age classification 1982 (Nations, 1982).

These statistics reveal the increasing number of HF patients, and the expected increase in number in the near future.HF patients reported a low quality of life associated with HF symptoms and its effects on their daily activity, social interactions and relationships, as well as rest and sleep (Brostrom et al., 2004).Therefore, its important to fully understand the experience of patient’s suffering from heart failure in order to have a full picture of how is it to live with heart failure.Thus, nurses should continue striving for new enquiries and seek for answerers (Gerrish and Lacey, 2010)."Nursing research is a systematic enquiry that seeks to add new nursing knowledge to benefit patients, families and communities.HF is a progressive condition resulting in poor quality of life to the patients, and irrespective to the age, around 20% of adults above the age of 40 are suspected to develop HF (Ramani et al., 2010).Symptoms of HF are affecting the quality of life of the victims in different aspects of daily living activities.Thus, this study will focus in depth on the experience of patients diagnosed with HF from their own perspectives, quality of life in relation to the disease, the available services that are provided to HF patients and the role of nurses to improve the patients’ experience of living with HF in Bahrain.The aim of this study is to explore the lived experiences of men younger than 65 years old of age diagnosed with HF.Symptoms vary from dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea and fatigue, peripheral edema to confusion in advance stages and other symptoms according to the side of the failure, right or left (Bender et al., 2011).Moreover, HF appears to affect the psychological wellbeing of the patients.

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