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Social stratification is based on four major principles: Why does social stratification exist, and why are some countries more stratified than others?To analyze this question, we can look at social stratification through three major perspectives: structural functionalism, social conflict, and symbolic interaction.For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc.
Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified.
In other words, the function of anything, which is assumed to be beneficial c.
Overall, the assumption of functionalism is that all social structures contribute to the maintenance of the system and the existence of any given structure is explained by means of its consequences (functions) which must, by definition be beneficial to the maintenance of stable order.b.
One such functionalist view of social inequality was developed by Kinsley Davis and Wilbert Moore and has come to be known as the Davis-Moore Thesis.
The universality of stratification does not mean it is necessarily beneficial or inevitable.
Just because stratification is universal does not mean it is a vital aspect or system need of society.
In the United States, it is perfectly clear that some groups have greater status, power, and wealth than other groups.
These differences are what led to social stratification.
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Try it risk-free Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.