When quoting, this means giving the author’s surname, year of publication, and relevant page numbers in parentheses after the quotation: It is important to investigate “possible causal pathways connecting genetic replicators and social behaviors” (Mitchell 1996, 132).
If the author is named in the text, however, the citation is given after their name: Mitchell (1996, 132) investigates “possible causal pathways connecting genetic replicators and social behaviors.” Full bibliographic information of all cited sources is then given in the reference list.
In this blogpost, we’re looking at how quotations work in Chicago referencing.
When citing a source, you can either use a direct quotation or paraphrase what you’ve read.
Here are some examples: Notice in the above examples that quotation marks always have a beginning and end, occurring immediately before the first word of the quotation and immediately after the last word. It is your responsibility as the writer to interpret the information for your reader and identify its significance.
Periods are always placed after the end-of-sentence parentheses, as in (p. After introducing and citing the passage, you will need to explain the significance: How might this author’s idea relate to my thesis? Remember, a quote does not speak for itself or prove anything on its own. Here is an example of an explanation that would be appropriate to accompany the Mack quotation above: Judge Mack viewed juveniles as children first.
When writing an academic paper, you may need to quote something you’ve read somewhere.
But how to do this depends on the referencing system being used, so it pays to do some research.
Other signal verbs include: When citing outside sources, you are required to include: the author(s)' last name(s); the date of publication; and, for direct quotations, the page number on which the quoted passage appears.
If there is no page number, use the paragraph number to indicate the location of the quotation.