Some pieces were odd, such as one titled The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, that had a 14 foot shark suspended in a glass case of formaldehyde.
Another piece, titled Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 19631995, consisted of a small tent with the names of 102 people pasted on the inside.
From Moral Issues that Divide Us James Fieser Revised: 9/1/2017 CONTENTS Introduction Background Terminology Special Cases of Censorship What People Think Ethical Issues Three Arguments for Free Speech: Democratic Government, Search for Truth, Autonomy Feinbergs Argument for Censorship: Offense to Others Public Policy Issues Legally Protected Free Speech Legal Limitations of Free Speech Common Arguments Pro and Contra The Conservative Position The Liberal Position A Middle Ground Reading 1: Against Student Speech Codes (by Greg Lukianoff) Study Questions INTRODUCTION Some years ago, a group called the Young British Artists put together a compilation of their works for a traveling exhibit called Sensation.
The collection of conceptual art quickly drew large crowds at the European museums where they were displayed.
These types of non-governmental challenges are legally permissible, but others break the law, such as if one political group steals campaign signs or vandalizes billboard advertisements by its rival political group.
From the standpoint of free speech advocates, both governmental censorship and non-governmental challenges are unjustly intrusive and should not be practiced in a free society.The work was an abstract depiction of Mary as a black African, which, in and of itself was an attractive painting that could have been appropriate for display in some churches.It was the added artistic touches, though, that ignited outrage.The term censorship usually applies to governmental restrictions in free speech in public places, such as a law that restricts displaying a Nazi flag, or a government official who shuts down a public art display.However, efforts to restrict free speech can also come from private groups, and these are best termed non-governmental challenges, rather than censorship in its governmental sense.We usually think of free expression as pertaining to what we do during our non-working hours particularly in a public environment.Within private businesses or clubs and religious institutions, members agree to behavioral codes as a condition of participation.For example, a publisher might cancel a book contract because the project has generated too much controversy.Opponents of a theatrical production might conduct media campaigns and boycotts against the financial backers of the production.We will begin with a survey of the basic concepts used in this debate, and the main situations in which censorship has been imposed.The issue of censorship rests on several interrelated concepts, foremost of which is free speech, a term that is used interchangeably with free expression.